Los peligros de la arrogancia del imperio, Leonardo Boff

Me cuento entre los que se entusiasmaron con la elección de Barack Obama para presidente de Estados Unidos, especialmente viniendo después de G. Bush Jr, presidente belicoso, fundamentalista y de poquísimas luces. Creía éste en la inminencia del Armagedón bíblico y seguía al pie de la letra la ideología del Destino Manifiesto, un texto inventado por la voluntad imperial norteamericana para justificar la guerra contra México, según el cual Estados Unidos sería el nuevo pueblo escogido por Dios para llevar al mundo los derechos humanos, la libertad y la democracia.

Este convencimiento de la propia excepcionalidad se tradujo en una arrogancia histórica que hizo que Estados Unidos se arrogase el derecho de imponer al mundo entero, por la política o por las armas, su estilo de vida y su visión del mundo.

Esperaba que el nuevo presidente no ya fuera rehén de esta nefasta e imaginaria elección divina, pues anunciaba en su programa el multilateralismo y no la hegemonía, pero tenía mis dudas, pues por detrás del Yes, we can (sí, nosotros podemos) podía esconderse la vieja arrogancia. Ante la crisis económico-financiera pregonaba que Estados Unidos había demostrado en su historia que podía todo, y que iba a superar la actual situación. Ahora, con ocasión del asesinato de Osama bin Laden ordenado por él (en un estado de derecho, que separa los poderes, ¿tiene el ejecutivo el poder de matar, o eso es competencia del judicial que manda prender, juzgar y castigar?) cayó la mascara. No ha podido esconder la arrogancia atávica.

El presidente, de extracción humilde, afrodescendiente, nacido fuera del continente, primero musulmán y después evangélico convertido, dijo claramente: «Lo que sucedió el domingo es un mensaje para todo el mundo: cuando decimos que nunca vamos a olvidar, estamos hablando en serio», que es como decir: «terroristas del mundo entero, vamos a asesinarles».
Ahí se revela, sin medias palabras, toda la arrogancia y la actitud imperial de ponerse por encima de toda ética.

Esto me hace recordar la frase de un teólogo que sirvió doce años como asesor de la ex-Inquisición en Roma y que vino a solidarizarse conmigo cuando sufrí el proceso doctrinario. Me confesó: «Aprenda de mi experiencia: la ex-Inquisición no olvida nada, no perdona nada y se cobra todo; prepárese». Efectivamente, así fue lo que sentí. Peor le ocurrió a un teólogo moralista, queridísimo en toda la cristiandad, el alemán Bernhard Häring. Con un cáncer de garganta que casi no le permitía hablar fue sometido a un riguroso interrogatorio en la sala oscura de aquella instancia de terror psicológico por causa de algunas afirmaciones sobre la sexualidad. Al salir confesó: «este interrogatorio fue peor que el que sufrí bajo la SS nazi durante la guerra», lo cual significa: poco importa la etiqueta, católico o nazi, todo sistema autoritario y totalitario obedece a la misma lógica: se venga de todo, no olvida y no perdona.

Así lo prometió Barack Obama y se propone llevar adelante el estado terrorista creado por su antecesor, manteniendo la Ley Patriótica que autoriza la suspensión de ciertos derechos y la prisión preventiva de sospechosos sin avisar siquiera a sus familiares, lo que se convierte en secuestro.

No sin razón escribió el noruego Johan Galtung, el hombre de la cultura de la paz, creador de dos instituciones de investigación sobre la paz e inventor del método Transcend en la mediación de los conflictos (una especie de política del gana-gana): tales actos aproximan a Estados Unidos a un estado fascista.

La verdad es que estamos ante un imperio. Es la consecuencia lógica y necesaria del presunto excepcionalismo. Es un imperio singular, basado no en una ocupación territorial o en colonias, sino en 800 bases militares distribuidas por todo el mundo, la mayoría innecesarias para la seguridad estadounidense. Pero están ahí para meter miedo y garantizar su hegemonía en el mundo. Nada de eso ha sido desmontado por el nuevo emperador, que no cerró Guantánamo como había prometido y todavía envió treinta mil soldados a Afganistán para una guerra perdida de antemano.

Podemos estar en desacuerdo con la tesis básica de Samuel P. Huntington en su discutido libro El choque de civilizaciones, pero hay en él observaciones dignas de atención, como ésta: «la creencia en la superioridad de la cultura occidental es falsa, inmoral y peligrosa» (p. 395). Mas aún: «la intervención occidental probablemente constituye la fuente más peligrosa de inestabilidad y de un posible conflicto global en un mundo multi-civilizacional» (p. 397). Pues bien, las condiciones para semejante tragedia están siendo creadas por Estados Unidos y sus aliados europeos.

Una cosa es el pueblo estadounidense, bueno, trabajador, y algo ingenuo, que admiramos, y otra el gobierno imperial, que no respeta los tratados internacionales que van contra sus intereses y que es capaz de todo tipo de violencia. Pero no hay imperios eternos. Llegará el momento en que será un número más en el cementerio de los imperios desaparecidos.

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