Imán pide que se nombre o odio cara os pobres co termo aporofobia

O sábado 30 de agosto un pequeño grupo de persoas, convocadas polo grupo Imán, concentrábanse na Praza da Constitución para presentar unha novedosa palabra que ven a designar unha vella realidade. Aporofobia é a palabra coa que Imán quere encher as rúas da cidade.

Hoxe comezaron pegando unha pancarta nun muro do Casco Vello e así ata conseguir que ese termo, creado pola catedrática Adela Cortina, cale nas nosas mentes. Podedes achegarvos ao termo a través do texto lido na concentración e a través da crónica Voz de Galicia.

Aunque la palabra “aporofobia” todavía no figura en los diccionarios de nuestra lengua, ha sido recientemente utilizado en numerosas publicaciones con el significado de las palabras griegas que lo componen: “áporos” (pobre, sin salidas, escaso de recursos) y “fobia” (temor); de modo que el término “aporofobia” serviría para nombrar un sentimiento de rechazo al pobre, al desamparado, al que carece de medios o de recursos.

Esta novedosa palabra aparece por primera vez en una serie de publicaciones de la filósofa y catedrática Adela Cortina, que la propone para poder designar una realidad que hasta ese momento no tenía nombre, pero que parecía la verdadera clave de muchas conductas indeseables en las sociedades desarrolladas. Así, la verdadera actitud que subyace a muchos comportamientos supuestamente racistas y xenófobos no sería, en realidad, la hostilidad a los extranjeros o a las personas que pertenecen a una etnia diferente a la mayoritaria, sino la repugnancia y el temor a los pobres, a las personas que no presentan el “aspecto respetable” de quienes tienen cubiertas sus necesidades básicas. De hecho, “no marginamos al inmigrante si es rico, ni al negro que es jugador de baloncesto, ni al jubilado con patrimonio: a los que marginamos es a los pobres”.

La aporofobia consiste, por tanto, en un sentimiento de miedo y en una actitud de rechazo al pobre, al sin medios, al desamparado. Tal sentimiento y tal actitud son adquiridos, es decir, se inducen, se provocan, se aprenden y se difunden a partir de relatos alarmistas y sensacionalistas que relacionan a las personas de escasos recursos con la delincuencia y con una supuesta amenaza a la estabilidad del sistema socioeconómico. Aunque un análisis riguroso de los datos disponibles nos muestra que la mayor parte de la delincuencia, y la más peligrosa, no procede de los sectores pobres de la población, no resulta difícil para quienes ostentan el poder presentar a los pobres como los culpables de cualquier problema social, puesto que la situación de debilidad que atraviesan les impide toda defensa frente a la calumnia. De este modo, se produce un fenómeno que podríamos denominar “el círculo vicioso de la aporofobia”: los colectivos desfavorecidos son acusados a menudo de conductas delictivas y esta mala imagen dificulta su posible integración en la sociedad, con lo cual se prolongan sus dificultades y, en algunos casos, la desesperación les lleva a cometer algún acto ilegal, de manera que se termina por reforzar la mala imagen y así sucesivamente.

La aporofobia se alimenta en cada uno de nosotros a través de un mecanismo psicológico que carece de base lógica: la generalización apresurada. Partiendo de algunos casos particulares (“este mendigo hizo esto”, “aquel desaliñado hizo lo otro”…), se alcanza una conclusión general de tipo universal: “todos los mendigos son peligrosos”, “todos los desaliñados son sospechosos”. Evidentemente, tales generalizaciones son falsas, pero estamos tan acostumbrados a hacerlas que a menudo nos pasan desapercibidas, de ahí que sea necesario que nos ayudemos mutuamente a romper esas generalizaciones apresuradas que hemos ido armando en nuestras mentes a lo largo de la vida.

Pero entonces, si la aporofobia, el desprecio al pobre, es una actitud injusta, ¿cómo es que viene pasando tan desapercibida, hasta el punto de que ni siquiera se tenía un nombre para ella? La respuesta que la profesora Cortina nos ofrece es la siguiente: “En sociedades como las nuestras, organizadas en torno a la idea de contrato en cualquiera de las esferas sociales, el pobre, el verdaderamente diferente en cada una de ellas, es el que no tiene nada interesante que ofrecer a cambio y, por lo tanto, no tiene capacidad real de contratar”. En efecto, la clave para comprender la aporofobia es que en la mayoría de los ámbitos de la vida social hay quienes tienen poder para pactar y también hay quienes no lo tienen; algunas personas tienen algo que puede interesar a los poderosos y en cambio otras carecen de interés para ellos. El resultado es que los “áporoi”, los pobres, son los excluidos del intercambio, los marginados, los que no son tenidos en consideración debido a que carecen de capacidad de intercambio. Y para ocultar la mala imagen que podría acarrear esa falta de consideración hacia personas que están en una situación de debilidad se extiende sobre los pobres el falso cliché de que ellos mismos son culpables de su falta de capacidad y que, por tanto, se merecen la exclusión y el desprecio.

Ante la aporofobia habría tres tipos de actitudes éticas: la de quienes creen que es mejor excluir y culpabilizar a quienes están en apuros que esforzarse lo más mínimo en ayudarlos a salir de su postración, olvidando que los bienes que disfrutamos los seres humanos son bienes sociales y que tienen que ser distribuidos con justicia; la de quienes reconocen que, aunque a corto plazo no parece que compense gran cosa ayudar a otros a salir del desamparo, a la larga es muy conveniente hacerlo para poder preservar cierto orden social y para no correr riesgos innecesarios (no como una cuestión de justicia, sino más bien como una cuestión de prevención de posibles desórdenes sociales); y, por último, la actitud de quienes, desde la justicia y la solidaridad, tienen la sensibilidad moral necesaria para percatarse de que todo ser humano es valioso en sí mismo, y no por los intercambios que pueda realizar, y, por lo tanto, de que todas las personas son dignas de ser tratadas como auténticas ciudadanos.

La aporofobia, desde este punto de vista de estas últimas personas, es completamente intolerable, puesto que forma parte del entramado de injusticias que hacen este mundo un lugar más hostil e inhabitable. Por el contrario, las medidas de eliminación de la miseria, de extensión de la ciudadanía social, de capacitación o empoderamiento de las personas vulnerables, son contempladas como medidas de realización de los valores de justicia que constituyen la base de una convivencia realmente pacífica, colaborativa y humanizadora.

La aporofobia supone, en definitiva, un obstáculo en el camino de la humanidad hacia un mundo más habitable. Si queremos tomar en serio los valores de justicia que se expresan en los textos constitucionales y en las declaraciones solemnes de Derechos Humanos, habremos de tomar serias medidas para evitar el avance de esta lacra, ya que una convivencia intercultural basada en el respeto activo, en las libertades iguales, en la igualdad de oportunidades, en la solidaridad y en la solución pacífica de los conflictos es del todo incompatible con la actitud aporófoba.

117 comentarios

  1. I just want to tell you that I’m newbie to blogging and site-building and absolutely enjoyed this page. Very likely I’m going to bookmark your website . You certainly have terrific stories. Thank you for sharing your website page.

  2. I merely wish to reveal to you that I am new to writing a blog and genuinely valued your work. More than likely I am inclined to save your blog post . You undoubtedly have impressive article blog posts. Admire it for sharing with us your favorite internet site page

  3. I am way seriouslyinspired with your writing abilities and in additionwith the plan to your weblog. Is that this a paid subject or did you modify it your self? Anyway keep up the nice quality article writing, it is rare to peer a nice weblog like this one in recent times

  4. It has been tremendously generous with people like you to offer freely what exactly many people could possibly have advertised as an ebook to help with making some cash for their own end, primarily now that you might have done it if you desired. Those tricks also acted like the great way to comprehend the rest have a similar fervor like my very own to know the truth a whole lot more regarding this matter. I’m sure there are some more pleasant instances in the future for people who see your website.

  5. I am way exceptionallyinspired together with your composing gift aswith the structure to your weblog. Is that this a paid for subject or did you modify it your self? Anyway stay up the excellent high quality writing, it is uncommon to look a great web loglike this one at the moment

  6. I simply want to mention I am beginner to blogs and actually loved this web-site. Very likely I’m going to bookmark your blog . You certainly have outstanding posts. Regards for revealing your webpage.

  7. I just want to tell you that I am new to weblog and seriously liked your web page. Likely I’m going to bookmark your site . You actually come with outstanding well written articles. Thanks a bunch for revealing your blog.

  8. Superb blog site! Do you really have any helpful hints for driven writers? I’m planning to begin my own website in the near future still I’m a little lost on every aspect. Would you suggest starting off with a absolutely free platform like WordPress or choose a premium option? You’ll discover so many options out there that I’m completely confused .. Any ideas? Thank you!

  9. I’m significantlyimpressed with your publishing skills and in additionwith the layout on your blog. Is that this a remunerated matter or did you modify it your self? Anyway stay up the excellent quality article, it’s uncommon to look a nice weblog like this one at present

  10. I just want to tell you that I am just new to blogs and absolutely loved you’re blog site. Probably I’m going to bookmark your website . You amazingly come with fantastic writings. Thank you for sharing with us your web-site.

  11. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  12. I simply want to mention I am just newbie to weblog and actually liked your web site. Almost certainly I’m planning to bookmark your blog . You certainly have really good articles. Thanks for revealing your blog.

  13. Whats Taking place i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve discovered It positively helpful and it has aided me out loads. I am hoping to contribute & assist other customers like its helped me. Good job.

  14. This is pretty generous with people like you to grant extensively what a lot of folks would’ve distributed as an electronic book to earn some cash for themselves, most importantly given that you could have done it in the event you wanted. These thoughts in addition acted to become a fantastic way to be certain that someone else have similar eagerness much like my own to realize lots more around this problem. I’m certain there are a lot more pleasurable sessions ahead for folks who look over your blog post.

  15. Hi there, just was aware of your blog through the search engines, and found that it is definitely entertaining. I shall appreciate should you continue this in future. Lots of other people might be gained from your articles

  16. I just want to tell you that I’m very new to blogging and site-building and really loved your web-site. Probably I’m want to bookmark your website . You actually have beneficial article content. Bless you for sharing your website.

  17. Pingback: Makeup Tutorial
  18. hello!,I like your writing very much! share we communicate more about your article on AOL? I need an expert on this area to solve my problem. May be that’s you! Looking forward to see you.

  19. Thank you so much for giving everyone an exceptionally special opportunity to read in detail from this web site. It really is very great and packed with fun for me and my office mates to search your website really thrice weekly to learn the fresh guides you have got. And indeed, I’m at all times amazed with all the dazzling methods you give. Certain 4 ideas in this article are undoubtedly the most effective we’ve ever had.

  20. I just want to tell you that I am just beginner to blogs and really liked your blog. Almost certainly I’m want to bookmark your website . You absolutely come with beneficial article content. Thanks for sharing with us your webpage.

  21. I simply want to tell you that I am just beginner to weblog and truly liked you’re website. Most likely I’m going to bookmark your site . You absolutely come with fabulous articles and reviews. Kudos for sharing your website.

  22. Pingback: Agen Casino
  23. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my website thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m attempting to find things to improve my website!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  24. I haven’t checked in here for some time because I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  25. Pretty great posting. I just came upon your weblog and wished to mention that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your weblog posts. In any case I’ll be checking in your rss feed and also I am hoping you publish once more soon!

  26. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  27. I simply want to mention I’m new to blogging and actually loved you’re web-site. Most likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You certainly come with impressive articles. Thanks a bunch for sharing your blog site.

  28. My family and I really wish to reveal to you which I’m really novice to putting up a blog and undeniably cherished your work. Very likely I am likely to store your post post . You truly have amazing document content. Be Thankful For it for giving out with the two of us your internet site article.

  29. Can I simply say what a reduction to seek out someone who really knows what theyre talking about on the internet. You definitely know methods to convey a difficulty to mild and make it important. Extra people need to learn this and perceive this side of the story. I cant believe youre not more well-liked because you definitely have the gift.

  30. An impressive share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing slightly evaluation on this. And he in truth purchased me breakfast because I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the deal with! However yeah Thnkx for spending the time to debate this, I really feel strongly about it and love reading more on this topic. If potential, as you become experience, would you thoughts updating your blog with extra details? It is highly useful for me. Huge thumb up for this weblog publish!

  31. I have to express my passion for your generosity for people who really need guidance on this particular concern. Your personal dedication to passing the message all-around had been quite useful and have continually enabled somebody just like me to get to their ambitions. The insightful report means a great deal to me and still more to my colleagues. Regards; from all of us.

  32. I like this web site so much, saved to my bookmarks. «Respect for the fragility and importance of an individual life is still the mark of an educated man.» by Norman Cousins.

  33. Very nice content. I just came upon your blog and wished to mention that I’ve truly loved surfing around your weblog posts. In any case I will be opt-in on your feed and I’m hoping you write once more very soon!

  34. I simply want to mention I am just very new to weblog and truly loved your blog. Likely I’m planning to bookmark your site . You amazingly come with tremendous articles and reviews. Regards for revealing your web site.

  35. Hello very nice website!! Guy .. Excellent .. Wonderful .. I’ll bookmark your site and take the feeds also¡KI am satisfied to seek out numerous helpful information right here in the publish, we need work out more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  36. It is perfect occasion to make some options for the possible future. I have go through this blog posting and if I have the ability to, I desire to suggest to you you number of entertaining assistance.

  37. Excellent webpage! Is it possible to have any tips for aspirant freelance writers? I’m hoping to start my own site shortly but I’m a little lost on every little thing. Might you suggest starting with a free platform like Wetpaint or go with a paid feature? You’ll find so many choices out there that I’m completely overwhelmed .. Any recommendations? Kudos!

  38. With havin so much written content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright violation? My site has a lot of exclusive content I’ve either created myself or outsourced but it seems a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my agreement. Do you know any techniques to help prevent content from being ripped off? I’d definitely appreciate it.

  39. What i do not understood is in reality how you’re now not actually much more well-favored than you may be right now. You’re very intelligent. You realize thus considerably in the case of this matter, produced me personally imagine it from numerous various angles. Its like women and men don’t seem to be interested unless it’s something to do with Woman gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. All the time take care of it up!

  40. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

  41. Good web site! I really love how it is simple on my eyes and the data are well written. I’m wondering how I might be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your RSS which must do the trick! Have a nice day!

  42. Hello! I’ve been reading your weblog for a while now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Dallas Tx! Just wanted to tell you keep up the good work!

  43. I as well as my buddies happened to be reading the great techniques on the website and before long got an awful suspicion I never expressed respect to the blog owner for those strategies. All of the ladies were definitely consequently thrilled to read through all of them and have really been making the most of these things. Appreciate your indeed being quite kind as well as for utilizing some amazing guides millions of individuals are really desirous to be aware of. Our own sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to you earlier.

  44. Hey there! I’ve been reading your site for a while now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Huffman Tx! Just wanted to say keep up the good work!

  45. Hullo there, simply became aware of your blog thru Google, and located that it is essentially truthful. I shall appreciate in the event you continue this in future. Many folks will likely be gained from your posting

  46. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your sites really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back in the future. Many thanks

  47. Pingback: eyewear fashion
  48. This is wonderfully generous with people like you to grant without restraint precisely what a lot of folks could possibly have marketed for an e-book to end up making some profit for their own end, chiefly considering the fact that you might have done it if you wanted. The solutions in addition served as a good way to be aware that other individuals have the same dreams much like my own to see very much more in respect of this condition. I know there are many more fun situations ahead for individuals that scan through your blog post.

  49. Excellent goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you’re just extremely wonderful. I actually like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it smart. I can not wait to read far more from you. This is really a tremendous website.|

  50. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  51. A formidable share, I simply given this onto a colleague who was doing a bit of analysis on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast because I discovered it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to debate this, I really feel strongly about it and love studying more on this topic. If attainable, as you develop into experience, would you mind updating your blog with more details? It’s highly helpful for me. Large thumb up for this blog put up!

  52. I am just trulyinspired together with your article writing gift and in additionwith the style in your blog. Is this a paid matter or did you customize it your self? Either way keep up the nice high quality article, it is rare to see a great weblog like this one nowadays

  53. An interesting discussion is price comment. I think that you should write more on this topic, it won’t be a taboo subject but usually persons are not sufficient to talk on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  54. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  55. My Partner And I merely hope to inform you which I’m just fresh to writing a blog and totally liked your write-up. Very possible I am going to remember your blog post . You indeed have memorable page posts. Appreciate it for expressing with the two of us your url page.

  56. Hi there I am so glad I found your webpage, I have found you by error, while I was browsing on Aol , Anyhow I can say that I’m here now and would love to say thanks a lot for a fantastic blog posting. It is a exciting blog site, I don’t have work-time to read through it all at the moment but I have book-marked it, when I have spare time I might be back in time to learn more.

  57. I really enjoy studying on this web site , it contains wonderful blog posts. «One doesn’t discover new lands without consenting to lose sight of the shore for a very long time.» by Andre Gide.

  58. I do not know if it’s just me or if perhaps everybody else encountering problems with your blog. It appears as though some of the written text on your content are running off the screen. Can somebody else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them as well? This may be a problem with my internet browser because I’ve had this happen before. Kudos|

  59. I simply could not leave your web site before suggesting that I really loved the usual info a person provide on your visitors? Is gonna be back incessantly in order to check up on new posts

  60. I’ve been surfing online greater than three hours nowadays, yet I never discovered any fascinating article like yours. It’s beautiful value sufficient for me. Personally, if all web owners and bloggers made excellent content material as you did, the net will be a lot more helpful than ever before.|

  61. Fabulous blog post through you. I’ve take note your information previous to and you’re simply extremely excellent. I actually desire what you’ve bought right here, certainly like what you are stating and the way by which you say it. You’re making it enjoyable and you continue to care for to stay it wise. I cant wait to read far more from you. This is actually a great website.

  62. I just desire to notify you that I am new to writing and really enjoyed your article. Probably I am inclined to remember your blog post . You undoubtedly have fantastic article material. Admire it for giving out with us your favorite website webpage

  63. All of us just hope to inform you which I am certain new to blogging and genuinely loved your post. Quite possibly I am going to bookmark your webpage post . You simply have memorable content reports. Acknowledge it for swapping with the people in the us your internet site write-up.

  64. Hello there, just turned out to be receptive to your writings through Yahoo and bing, and discovered that it’s really helpful. I’ll value if you decide to persist this idea.

Los comentarios están cerrados.